A LONG-RANGE ATMOSPHERIC TRANSPORT MODEL (HY-SPLIT) FOR ENVIRONMENTAL EMERGENCY RESPONSE (EER): EVALUATION OF DRIVING MODELS

  • J.H Vermeulen South African Weather Service, Private Bag X097, Pretoria 0001
  • M.T Freiman Climatology Research Group, University of the Witwatersrand, P.O WITS 2050, Johannesburg

Abstract

The Eta and Aviation (AVN) driving models of HY-SPLIT are evaluated by means of a case study of the sulphur fire plume at Somerset West (34° 04’ S, 18° 48’ E) which caused sulphur dioxide (SO2) air pollution over Macassar on 16 - 17 December 1995. The HY-SPLIT model is verified by comparing it with the Lagrangian kinematic trajectory (LKT)
model. Plume dispersions and depositions of the HY-SPLIT model for the Eta and AVN driving models are compared with Eta model winds. Eta model winds for a grid point close to the fire are verified against radiosonde data and synoptic observations. Results indicate that the finer-resolution regional Eta model has the higher accuracy.

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Published
2003-06-03
Section
Research Article